Monthly Archives: March 2010

Pet shop owner fined £1,000, ordered to wear electronic tag for selling goldfish to boy in animal welfare sting

Majors Pet shop in Sale, Greater Manchester, owned by Joan and Mark Higgins

Pet shop owner fined £1,000 and told to wear an electronic tag… for selling a GOLDFISH to a boy aged 14

Daily Mail | Mar 31, 2010

By Jaya Narain

Her offence was to unwittingly sell a goldfish to a 14-year-old boy taking part in a trading standards ‘sting’.

At most, pet shop owner Joan Higgins, 66, expected a slap on the wrist for breaking new animal welfare laws which ban the sale of pets to under-16s.

Instead, the great-grandmother was taken to court, fined £1,000, placed under curfew – and ordered to wear an electronic tag for two months.

The punishment is normally handed out to violent thugs and repeat offenders.

The prosecution of Mrs Higgins and her son Mark is estimated to have cost taxpayers £20,000 and has left her with a criminal record.

Mark, 47, was also fined and ordered to carry out 120 hours of unpaid work in the community.

Last night, as an MP criticised the magistrates, Mrs Higgins – who has run the pet shop for 28 years – said the family’s eight-month ordeal had left them traumatised.

She added: ‘It’s ridiculous. I mean, what danger am I that I have to wear an electronic tag? These last few months have been a very stressful time.’

The seven-week curfew imposed by the court means she is unable to babysit her great-grandson at his home or go to bingo sessions with her sister, and will be unable to attend a Rod Stewart concert after tickets were bought for her by her nephew, actor Will Mellor.

Her son said: ‘I think it’s a farce. What gets me so cross is that they put my Mum on a tag – she’s nearly 70, for goodness’ sake.

‘She’s a great-grandma so she won’t be able to babysit a newborn baby. You would think they have better things to do with their time and money.’

Mr Higgins claimed the undercover operation was a clear case of entrapment – when a person is encouraged by someone in some official capacity to commit a crime – and said the case should never have gone to court.

He said: ‘The council sent the 14-year-old in to us. It is hard to tell how old a lad is these days. He looked much older than 14.’

He added that his mother almost fainted in the dock when magistrates told her she could go to prison for the offence.

‘I told her they wouldn’t send her to prison but she was still worried,’ he said. ‘The only other time she has been in court is when she did jury service.’

Under the Animal Welfare Act 2006 it is illegal to sell pets – including goldfish – to children under the age of 16 unless they are accompanied by an adult. Pet shops must also provide advice on animal welfare to buyers.

The maximum penalty is imprisonment for up to 12 months, or a fine of up to £20,000, or both.

The Higgins family’s ordeal began when council officials heard that Majors Pet Shop in Sale, Greater Manchester, was selling animals to children.

They sent the 14-year-old schoolboy into the shop to carry out a test purchase and Mr Higgins sold him the goldfish without questioning his age or providing any information about the care of the fish.

A council officer in the shop at the time also noticed a cockatiel in a cage that appeared to be in a poor state of health. A vet found the bird had a broken leg and eye problems. It was later put down.

Mrs Higgins and her son were charged with selling the fish to a person aged under 16 and with causing unnecessary suffering to a cockatiel by failing to provide appropriate care and treatment.

Pleading guilty, Mrs Higgins told Trafford magistrates the cockatiel had not been for sale and she had been bathing its eye daily.

She had intended to take it to the vet but had been distracted and worried because her other son was in hospital.

The court heard that Mrs Higgins had possessed a licence to sell animals for many years and had never had any problems before.

She was fined £1,000 and given a community order with a curfew requiring her to stay home between 6pm and 7am for seven weeks.

Mrs Higgins did not have her licence to sell animals removed, but both she and her son were told that if they ever appeared in court for a similar offence they could face a jail sentence.

David Davies, Tory MP for Monmouth, said: ‘You simply couldn’t make it up. It is absolutely ludicrous that old ladies should be hounded through the courts and electronically tagged for something like this.

‘At a time when courts are being told not to lock up career burglars we have them issuing severe punishments like this on little old ladies.’ Mr Davies, who has served as a special constable for three years, said: ‘Not only is it traumatic for her but it is a complete waste of time and taxpayers’ money. It is ridiculous.

‘Instead of getting 14-year-old boys to act in this type of sting they should have them trying to nail people who sell drugs outside our schools.’

Trafford Council said it launched an investigation after an unsubstantiated complaint that the shop had sold a gerbil to a 14-year-old girl with learning disabilities. The council claimed the animal later died after the child placed it in a disposable coffee cup with a plastic lid on top.

But the complaint did not form part of the legal action in court and its truth cannot be verified.

Mrs Higgins said the shop had not stocked gerbils for months before the complaint anyway.

Defending the goldfish case, Iain Veitch, head of public protection at Trafford Council, said: ‘The evidence presented for this conviction clearly demonstrates that it is irresponsible to sell animals to those who are not old enough to look after them.

‘Let this conviction send out a message that we will not tolerate those who cause unnecessary suffering to animals. The council will always try to support pet and business owners so that they are able to care for their animals properly, but where they continually ignore the advice they are given, we will not hesitate to use our statutory powers.’

The goldfish was later adopted by an animal welfare officer and is in good health.

Queen Elizabeth could suspend elections under ancient code

The Queen’s involvement is allowed under ancient conventions

Will the Queen stop a second election? Brown could cling on as premier even if Tories win.

Daily Mail | March 2010

By James Chapman

The Queen could step in and block a second General Election this year in the event of a hung Parliament, to prevent Britain spiralling into an economic crisis.

Her action would force parties to work towards a coalition government  –  rather than having to fight another election campaign. The Queen’s potential involvement, which is allowed under ancient conventions, has emerged in extraordinary behind-the-scenes preparations in Whitehall.

There are serious fears that Britain faces its first hung Parliament since the 1970s. Economists say a prolonged period of turmoil after an unclear election result could result in a devastating collapse in confidence in Britain’s ability to repay its vast national debt.

To prepare, the Civil Service has drawn up a blueprint for action. For the first time they will give opposition parties access to advice from officials in an attempt to speed up a coalition deal.

The period between polling day and the point at which a minority administration would face a potentially terminal vote of no confidence is to be extended by six days, giving more time for a power-sharing agreement.

And conventions allow the Sovereign to decline a request from a prime minister heading a minority government for a dissolution of Parliament and a quick second election.

If the Queen is advised that a general election would be ‘detrimental to the national economy’, she can refuse to allow one.

The monarch is not bound to accept such a request, especially when such a request is made soon after a previous dissolution,’ says guidance drawn up by Cabinet Secretary Sir Gus O’Donnell.

Because of the bias against them in the electoral system, the Conservatives need a poll lead of around ten points to be sure of defeating Labour with an overall majority.

Polls pointing to a narrower result have prompted mandarins to produce the first set of guidelines for senior civil servants on what happens in the event of a hung Parliament.

Even if the Tories are the largest party, but fail to secure a Commons majority, Gordon Brown will remain Prime Minister until he resigns, Whitehall sources say.

Officials who have held detailed discussions with the Queen’s private secretary, Christopher Geidt, say it will be up to Mr Brown to decide when to resign.

He will have the right to make the first attempt to soldier on as head of a minority government by coming to an arrangement with smaller parties, including the Liberal Democrats.

Ted Heath remained in office over the weekend after the general election on February 28, 1974, despite winning four seats fewer than Labour, as he made unsuccessful attempts to form a coalition with the Liberals.

Mr Brown would be barred from making major policy announcements until a stable administration could be formed. If he fails to reach an agreement with smaller parties, David Cameron would then be allowed to make similar overtures to the Liberal Democrats and others to try to form a viable minority government.

At more than 12 per cent of national income, the UK’s deficit is on a par with that of Greece, which has been plunged into a deep financial crisis and social unrest.

A similar loss of confidence in Britain, experts fear, would trigger a run on the pound, drive up interest rates and undermine the recovery.

In the worst-case scenario, our gold-standard AAA credit rating on the international markets would be downgraded, massively increasing the cost of financing our debt.

Climategate university condemned for ‘unacceptable culture of secrecy’

Climategate: Professor Phil Jones, director of the Climatic Research Unit, pictured appearing before the Science and Technology Committee on March 1, wrote emails plotting how to avoid Freedom of Information requests

Daily Mail | Mar 31, 2010

By David Derbyshire

The university at the heart of the Climategate email row had an ‘unacceptable’ culture of secrecy and may have broken Freedom of Information laws, MPs will say today.

An official inquiry into the leaked emails from the University of East Anglia calls for greater openness from global warming scientists about their research and data.

But it cleared researchers at the university’s Climatic Research Unit of wrongdoing and said there was no evidence they manipulated data to strengthen a case for man-made global warming.

The inquiry was launched after the Daily Mail revealed in November how hundreds of emails sent from CRU researchers showed scientists plotting how to avoid responding to Freedom of Information requests, and appeared to show researchers discussing how to manipulate data.

MP Phil Willis, chairman of the Science and Technology Committee, blamed university bosses for encouraging ‘a reprehensible culture of withholding information’.

However, the report said the focus on the CRU and its director, Professor Phil Jones was ‘largely misplaced’.

MPs said: ‘We can sympathise with Professor Jones, who must have found it frustrating to handle requests for data that he knew – or perceived – were motivated by a desire simply to undermine his work.’

But Mr Willis said: ‘In reality, that’s no excuse. If people want that information for whatever motive, provided it is a scientific motive, it’s important in terms of confidence to make that available.’

Dr Benny Peiser, of the sceptical Global Warming Policy Foundation, said: ‘The report is clearly biased and far too kind to Professor Phil Jones.’

The report said climate scientists must in future publish all their raw data and methods to ensure the research is ‘irreproachable’.

Much of the criticism of CRU by sceptics has focused on an email in which Prof Jones talks about using a ‘trick’ to ‘hide the decline’ in temperature records sourced from tree ring data in the 1960s.

But the MPs said the phrases were colloquialisms and did not represent a systematic attempt to mislead.

The report also said that Prof Jones’ actions in not releasing data and his methods for drawing conclusions were in line with those of other climate scientists – but that those practices needed to change.

‘Climate change is a matter of global importance,’ Mr Willis said.

‘Governments are spending trillions of pounds on mitigating global warming and the quality of the science has to be irreproachable.’

The MPs said much of the responsibility for failing to disclose information in response to FoI requests lay with the University of East Anglia, rather than its small Climatic Research Unit.

They said the inquiry had found ‘prima facie’ evidence that UEA supported the culture at CRU of not disclosing information, and of instances where information may have been deleted to avoid disclosure.

Mr Willis said UEA should have challenged what was going on at CRU, ‘rather than work with them to deny these people information’.

And the MPs called for further investigation of whether the Freedom of Information Act had been breached, following indications from the Information Commissioner that it may have been, but that the time limit for a prosecution had been exceeded.

Plane diverted because passenger ‘acted unusually’

Associated Press | Mar 30, 2010

CHANTILLY, Va. — No one has been charged after an American Eagle flight from Chicago to Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport was diverted to Dulles International Airport because of a report of a suspicious passenger, officials said Tuesday.

American Eagle spokesman Tim Smith said Flight 4117 landed safely with 45 passengers aboard around 11:50 p.m. Monday.

Greg Soule, a Transportation Security Administration spokesman, said the agency was notified of “a passenger acting unusually” and then rerouted the flight to Dulles, a sprawling airport about 26 miles from the nation’s capital. Reagan is just across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., not far from the Pentagon and the offices of several government contractors in Arlington, Va.

Smith said someone on the ground contacted the airline about concerns on the plane. He described that person as “someone who had some level of knowledge of the situation” but was not a crew member.

He said the airline then alerted authorities and the crew, which investigated and concluded the plane could continue to Reagan because it was not a high level of concern. But just before arriving, the TSA told the crew to land at Dulles, Smith said.

TSA and law enforcement officials interviewed and cleared all the passengers, Soule said. No hazardous materials were found on the plane.

Rob Yingling of the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority said airport police and other agencies investigated, but nobody was charged.

Smith said most passengers left the airport on their own, while others were offered transportation. The aircraft was inspected and sent back to Chicago empty. Some passengers who were scheduled for a 6 a.m. flight Tuesday on the plane from Reagan were put on other flights, Smith said.

Moscow metro a Stalinist prestige project

“Stalin brought us up to be loyal to the nation, inspired us to labor and great deeds.” In August 2009 Moscow unveiled a refurbished metro station decorated with an inscription heaping praise on Stalin, sparking outrage from opposition and human rights groups.

Here are some details about Moscow’s metro system, which was one of the greatest prestige projects of dictator Josef Stalin.

Reuters | Mar 29, 2010

Two female suicide bombers killed at least dozens pf people on two packed Moscow metro trains in the morning rush hour on Monday, officials said.

The current death toll makes it the worst attack on Moscow since February 2004, when a suicide bombing killed at least 39 people on a metro train.

Here are some details about Moscow’s metro system, which was one of the greatest prestige projects of dictator Josef Stalin. Many of the stations in the city center are built in palatial style, with marble-clad walls, frescoes, mosaics, chandeliers and statues, many lauding the 1917 Bolshevik revolution:


— Construction of the Moscow Metro began the 1930s. The first line opened in May 1935 between Sokolniki and Park Kultury with a branch to Smolenskaya which reached Kievskaya in April 1937.

— Construction continued throughout the 1930s and throughout World War Two. As Moscow was besieged in late 1941, the metro stations were used as air-raid shelters.

— The Council of Ministers moved its offices to the platforms of Mayakovskaya station, where Stalin made several public speeches.

— The Koltsevaya (ring) Line was planned first as a line running under the Garden Ring, a wide avenue surrounding the border of Moscow’s city center. The first part of the line – from Park Kultury to Kurskaya (1950) – follows this avenue, but the rest of the ring line was modified to connect to nine intercity train stations in Moscow.

* THE 1950s:

— The stations on the Arbatsky (or Arbat) line, constructed during the Cold War, were planned as shelters in the event of nuclear war with the United States.

— During the late 1950s, the architectural extravagance of new metro stations was significantly reduced, under the orders of Nikita Khrushchev.

— He championed a more simple or standard layout, which quickly became known as “Sorokonozhka” or “Centipede” due to the columns aligned in rows down either side of the platform.

— During this period, stations differed from one another only in the color and design of tiles used. Most of these stations were poorly built.


— In the mid-1970s, architectural extravagance was restored, and original designs once again became popular.

— Construction of new stations continues to this day, as does restoration of the original stations, such as Mayakovskaya.


— The marble used in the Moscow Metro was brought from all over the former Soviet Union from places including the Ural Mountains, Altay, Central Asia and the Caucasus.

— Black marble from the Urals, Armenia and Georgia decorates the walls of the Byelorusskaya, Ploshchad Revolutsii, Elektrozavodskaya and Aeroport stations. Deep-red marble from Georgia adorns the Krasnye Vorota metro station.


— The Moscow Metro has 298.8 km (185.7 mi) of route length, 12 lines and 180 stations; on a normal weekday it carries over 7 million passengers.

— In August 2009 Moscow unveiled a refurbished metro station decorated with an inscription heaping praise on Stalin, sparking outrage from opposition and human rights groups.

— The chandeliered, mosaic-covered vestibule in central Moscow’s Kurskaya station bears a line from an old version of the Soviet national anthem: “Stalin brought us up to be loyal to the nation, inspired us to labor and great deeds.”

Will U.S. troops march past posters of Stalin? | Mar 24, 2010

By Joshua Keating

For the first time, U.S. and British troops will participate in Moscow’s Victory Day celebrations, marking the 65th anniversary of the defeat of Nazi Germany. But if Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov has his way, they may see an old familiar face around town when they get there:

Posters of Josef Stalin may be put up in Moscow for the first time in decades as part of the May 9 observance of Victory Day – the annual celebration of the defeat of Nazi Germany.

Full Story

Moscow plans posters honoring Stalin

AP | Mar 24, 2010

MOSCOW (AP) — Posters of Josef Stalin may be put up in Moscow for the first time in decades as part of the May 9 observance of Victory Day — the annual celebration of the defeat of Nazi Germany.

This year, the 65th anniversary of Germany’s defeat, a contingent of U.S. troops is expected to march on Red Square, a striking sign of vaunted “reset” of American-Russian relations.

But Moscow city authorities may be preparing a less-welcome kind of reset with the posters, an honor denied since the Soviet dictator’s crimes were publicly exposed more than half-a-century ago.

The poster proposal for Victory Day, Russia’s most emotionally charged secular holiday, has raised a storm of controversy in state-controlled media and once again opened the never-healed wound of Russia’s Soviet past.

The debate comes amid rising concern that Stalin is being quietly rehabilitated as memories of his reign of terror fade. Last year, old Soviet national anthem lyrics praising Stalin were restored to a rotunda in a Moscow subway station.

The World War II victory came at appalling cost to the Soviet Union — at least 27 million of its citizens are estimated to have died. The toll feeds Russia’s self-image as a nation of exceptional valor and any criticism of its wartime role sets off resentment.

Stalin’s case is especially touchy: should Russians honor him for leading the country’s glorious sacrifice, or denounce him for his decades of brutal rule included sending tens of millions into labor camps?

Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov believes Stalin should get his due as the Soviet commander-in-chief.

“How did people go into the war? … They went to war with the cry ‘For the homeland! For Stalin!'” Luzhkov said on state TV news channel Vesti on Sunday.

A major veterans’ organization agrees.

“The veterans of Moscow condemn repression, but at the same time value the results achieved under the command of Stalin,” the state news agency RIA Novosti quoted Vladimir Dolgikh, head of the Moscow Public Veterans Organization, as saying.

Moscow authorities have said there will only be a few posters of Stalin and that they will be at information booths where veterans gather for the commemorations. That appears to make it unlikely that American troops would march under the steely gaze of the dictator, but even proximity to Stalin may unsettle diplomats.

The U.S. Embassy declined to comment on the issue. Britain has announced it will send a military contingent but the Foreign Office declined to discuss the posters.

However, opposition ranges from human-rights organizations to the highest levels of national power.

The Kremlin committee organizing the national observances says it won’t issue any Stalin posters, according to Russian news reports citing a committee source. The reports said that decision should be considered as a recommendation to the city authorities not to put up posters.

The Moscow mayor’s office declined to comment to The Associated Press on Wednesday, and the head of the national organizing committee could not be reached.

President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin haven’t weighed in on the issue, but the head of Putin’s dominant United Russia faction in parliament strongly denounced the plans.

“There’s nothing to argue about here. Stalin was guilty in the deaths of millions of people,” Boris Gryzlov said this month.

The respected human rights group Memorial has appealed to Medvedev to prevent the posters.

The head of Russia’s Communist Party meanwhile thinks Luzhkov will cave in to pressure from above.

“I’m not convinced that the Moscow authorities have the courage to realize this idea,” Gennady Zyuganov told RIA Novosti.

Ukrainian Communists Determined To Erect Stalin Monument

A Ukrainian Communist Party supporter holds a portrait of Stalin in Kyiv. Some Ukrainians credit Stalin with saving Ukraine from fascism in World War II.

RFERL | Mar 30, 2010

ZAPORIZHZHYA , Ukraine — Communist Party officials in the southeastern Ukrainian city of Zaporizhzhya say they are planning to erect a monument to former Soviet leader Josef Stalin in early May, RFE/RL’s Ukrainian Service reports.

Oleksandr Zubchevsky, a Communist Party deputy on the Zaporizhzhya city council, told RFE/RL on March 29 that the idea for the Stalin monument came from World War II veterans.

He said they “resent the fact that there are monuments to the criminals [Stepan] Bandera and [Roman] Shukhevych in western Ukraine, and we have no monument to the person who saved the entire world from the brown plague of the 20th century — fascism — and who transformed Zaporizhzhya from a provincial town into a powerful industrial center.”

Bandera and Shukhevych are controversial World War II-era nationalist leaders who are viewed by many in eastern Ukraine as traitors because they fought against Soviet forces, although they are viewed by many in the western part of the country as heroes.

It would be the first new Stalin monument erected in Ukraine since it gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Zubchevsky said the monument will be about three meters high and mounted on granite. The Communist Party has not disclosed either the name of the sculptor — saying only that he is from Kyiv — or the exact location of the monument.

Zaporizhzhya residents told RFE/RL that it will probably be placed near the local Communist Party offices, not far from the city center, where it will be easy to guard.

‘Suffering Of Millions’

Like many Zaporizhzhya residents, Mayor Yevhen Kartashov is against glorifying Stalin.

The local Party of Regions faction, which has a majority in the city council, said that it will not object to the plans if they are enacted legally. But Justice Minister Oleksandr Lavrynovych, a senior Party of Regions member, is concerned by the monument.

Lavrynovych said in Kyiv on March 29 that “it is inappropriate to return to the pages of history that brought suffering to millions of people. Tyrants should be in history as a lesson to later generations, and not the subject of glorification.”

Critics have called on the central government to intervene.

Stepan Khmara of the Ukrainian People’s Party told RFE/RL that the state’s Security Service should act to prevent the erection of the monument. He pointed to the January decision by a Kyiv court that ruled Stalin was guilty of genocide for engineering the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933 in which millions of people died.

The Communist Party did not ask the Zaporizhzhya city council for permission for the monument, explaining that it will appear on a private plot of land and doesn’t need the council’s approval.

As a result, lawyer Tetyana Montyan believes it will be difficult to stop their plans. “All European countries have laws which envision what a person can and cannot do on private territory,” she said. “In Ukraine this branch of law is not developed at all.”

The nationalist Svoboda Party has already warned that it will destroy the Stalin monument in Zaporizhzhya if it is erected.

In the meantime, Communist Party officials say the Zaporizhzhya monument to Stalin is only the first of several.

Zubchevsky said the next one should be located in western Ukraine to remind nationalists that it was Stalin who united Ukraine within its present borders in 1939.

Moscow bombings leading to censorship, political spying and silencing of opposition protests

A young Russian girl cries while commemorating the victims of the blasts inside the Lubyanka metro station in Moscow. (Dmitry Korotayev/Getty Images)

“There will be more censorship, political spying. There will be more riot police dispersing opposition rallies and protests,” Boris Nemtsov, a former deputy prime minister, said in an online editorial.

Russian grief turns to anger toward leaders

Washington Post | Mar 31, 2010

By Philip P. Pan

MOSCOW — Prime Minister Vladimir Putin pledged Tuesday to drag “from the bottom of the sewers” those behind the deadly attack on the Moscow subway system, but some Russians began to challenge his government for failing to prevent the suicide bombings despite signs that Islamist rebels had been preparing to strike.

As the nation observed a day of mourning and nervous Muscovites returned to the subway, public debate shifted toward how the Kremlin should respond to Monday’s bombings and whether Russia’s powerful security services could have stopped the attack, which killed 39 people and injured more than 70.


Russian police authorities shut down website calling for nationwide protests

Internet users flooded President Dmitry Medvedev’s blog with notes of sympathy for families of the victims but also blunt criticism of law-enforcement agencies. Some accused police of being more interested in collecting bribes than tracking down terrorists. Others asked why modern equipment to detect explosives had not been installed as promised after the last subway bombing in Moscow nearly six years ago.

“Was it just talk and forget, as always?” one commenter wrote. “The impression is that today’s tragedy on the Moscow subway is the direct result of the ‘efficient’ spending of budget funds by the senior ranks of the police.”

Gennady Gudkov, a member of Putin’s ruling party who is on the security committee in the lower house of parliament, said the criticism was natural because the attack was “the direct result of mistakes and miscalculations by the security services” and “everybody believes the state should protect them.”

“The problem of terrorism has been unsolved all these years. It’s a legitimate question for Prime Minister Putin and President Medvedev,” he said, arguing that the Federal Security Service, or FSB, the main successor to the Soviet-era KGB, had failed to develop intelligence sources in the insurgency in the North Caucasus that has been linked to the bombings.

Andrei Soldatov, an investigative reporter who runs a Web site that covers Russian security agencies, said the FSB ignored early signs the rebels were shifting tactics and preparing to resume attacks in Moscow, including a suicide bombing in the southern city of Vladikavkaz in November 2008 and an announcement last year that a brigade that staged attacks across Russia from 2002 to 2006 had been revived.

“The FSB is still inclined toward a shoot-to-kill policy in the North Caucasus,” he said. “This approach works against large groups of militants in the forests but not against would-be suicide bombers.”

Soldatov said the warnings should have led the FSB to redouble efforts to develop sources and win over the public, but it didn’t. “They simply love their brutal tactics,” he said. “Nothing was proposed to deal with the Internet, for example.”

As the search for accomplices in the attack continued, police were trying to determine whether the two female bombers might have been trained by Alexander Tikhomirov, an Islamist preacher killed by security forces this month. Local news media cited unnamed sources as saying that Tikhomirov may have recruited 30 suicide attackers before his death.

The Kremlin said it planned to propose new legislation to fight terrorism but provided no specifics, while some lawmakers proposed bringing back the death penalty.

Opposition leaders predicted that Putin would use the bombings to justify a crackdown on dissent, noting that he consolidated power after a rash of attacks in the first part of the 2000s. “There will be more censorship, political spying. There will be more riot police dispersing opposition rallies and protests,” Boris Nemtsov, a former deputy prime minister, said in an online editorial.

But Vladimir Ryzhkov, another opposition leader, said the public would not accept a wave of repression because the bombings had undermined Putin’s claim to have restored stability to Russia, while a severe recession has damaged his record of delivering economic growth.

“I think the regime is much weaker now than a year or two years ago because the public is raising more questions, about the economy, about the efficiency of the government, and now about security,” he said.

Ryzhkov added that he hoped Medvedev would use the crisis to investigate and take greater control of the security services, which some argue wield more power in Russia than any other institution. But such a move is unlikely because the FSB is protected by Putin, who once led the agency and remains the nation’s senior leader.

In televised remarks, Putin showed no sign of tempering the government’s sometimes brutal efforts to crush the insurgency. “We know that they are lying low,” he said of those involved in the subway attack. “But it is already a matter of honor for law-enforcement bodies to drag them from the bottom of the sewers and into the daylight.”

Medvedev, Putin’s handpicked successor as president, has struck a tough tone as well. But he added Tuesday that the government must also improve social and economic conditions in the North Caucasus, signaling that he intends to press ahead with the moderate policies he has promoted in the region to draw support away from the insurgents.

“This job is even harder than looking for and destroying terrorists,” he said. “But we will do it anyway, as well as establish order by using forcible methods.”

Putin vows to dredge terrorists from “the bottom of the sewers to the Kingdom of God”

A display showing emergency contact numbers at Park Kultury late Monday. Putin says the organizers will be “dredged from the bottom of the sewers.” | Mar 31, 2010

By Nikolaus von Twickel

Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on Tuesday promised that the organizers of twin suicide bombings that killed at least 39 people in the Moscow metro would be “dredged from the bottom of the sewers.”

“We know that they’re lying low, but it’s now a matter of honor for the law enforcement agencies to dredge them from the bottom of the sewers to the kingdom of God. I’m certain that it will be done,” Putin told a government meeting devoted to transportation safety, according to a transcript posted on his web site.

Putin, known for his off-color remarks, once famously promised to “wipe out Chechen terrorists in the outhouse.”

This time the prime minister was referring to the fact that one of the metro trains was equipped with video surveillance cameras.

“We now know that these systems cannot prevent terror attacks, but they help law enforcement agencies identify helpers and organizers,” he said.

Two suicide attackers, believed to be young women from the North Caucasus, blew themselves up in the metro during Monday morning rush hour.

The death toll of the explosions climbed to 39 Tuesday after a woman died of her wounds in the hospital, the Emergency Situations Ministry said on its web site. The number of injured rose to more than 80 as passengers belatedly showed up at hospitals.

At least two foreigners, both from Armenia, were killed in the blasts. Among the injured were an Armenian, two Malaysian students, a 39-year-old Filipino woman and a 26-year-old Israeli citizen identified as David Ben David, news reports said.

Flags flew at half-staff outside government buildings in the city as the country observed a day of mourning. Muscovites laid flowers at the explosion sites inside the Lubyanka and Park Kultury metro stations.

The sensationalist web site published pictures of the severed heads of the two dead young women believed to have been the bombers.

Copies of the photographs have been distributed to police stations throughout the city and in the North Caucasus and surrounding regions, the report said.

Investigators said they believe that the two bombers arrived by bus to Moscow.

“They arrived from a city in the North Caucasus early Monday morning at the Luzhniki market,” an unidentified law enforcement source told Interfax.

Accompanying the women was a well-built man of Caucasus origin, wearing a dark-blue jacket with white stripes, the source was quoted as saying, adding that the three were carrying three suitcases.

The source also said the suspected bombers entered the metro at the Vorobyovy Gory station, which is the closest to the Luzhniki market. Earlier reports said they started their deadly ride at the Yugo-Zapadnaya station. Both stations where the two explosions occurred are on the Red Line.

By late Tuesday, no one had claimed responsibility for the attacks, the deadliest the city has seen since 2004, but officials have unanimously blamed Muslim insurgents in the North Caucasus.

Many politicians and analysts suggested that the bombings were revenge for the recent killings of two prominent rebels in the restive region — Said Buryatsky and Anzor Astemirov.

Buryatsky, who was born Alexander Tikhomirov, was killed by Federal Security Service commandos in an anti-terrorist operation in Ingushetia on March 2. A Muslim convert, he was believed to be the chief ideologist of the North Caucasus rebels and responsible for the deadly bombing of the Nevsky Express train in November and a series of other attacks.

Ingush investigators said Tuesday that they were screening the families of suspected rebels in the republic, including relatives of those detained during the March 2 operation in the village of Ekazhevo, where Buryatsky was killed.

But Ingush President Yunus-Bek Yevkurov warned that there was “no reason to see an Ingush trail” in the bombings, Interfax reported.

Astemirov was killed last week in an FSB shootout in Nalchik, capital of the Kabardino-Balkaria republic. He had been accused of leading a 2005 raid of Nalchik in which more than 100 people died.

His estranged wife, Zukhra, has been missing since 2005, according to news reports.

Relatives of Astemirov, including his father and brother, approached local investigators in Kabardino-Balkaria to deny that their family was involved in the attacks, Kommersant reported Tuesday, citing a source in the local branch of the Investigative Committee.

Fingerpointing from Moscow has prompted some angry reactions in the North Caucasus. Chechen parliamentary Speaker Dukuvakhi Abdurakhmanov complained that it had become fashionable to blame natives of the North Caucasus for terrorist attacks, even if there were no grounds, and said security services in Moscow were just as responsible for the bombings.

“If high-ranking officials can blame the North Caucasus in their official reports, then we must blame Moscow’s special services and law enforcement and security agencies as well because a strategic object like the metro must be kept safe,” he told a parliamentary meeting, according to a transcript on the legislature’s web site.

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, meanwhile, speculated that the attacks were masterminded by al-Qaida terrorists entrenched at the Afghan-Pakistan border.

“We all know that many terrorist attacks are being devised there, not just in Afghanistan but also in other countries. It’s about time this route leads to the Caucasus,” Lavrov told journalists in Ottawa, Canada, Interfax reported.

The bombs also caused some political fallout.

Alexander Gurov, a State Duma deputy for United Russia, demanded the resignation of Federal Security Service director Alexander Bortnikov.

“There is serious reason to doubt the FSB’s work in recent years. And there is reason for the service’s director, Alexander Bortnikov, to resign,” Gurov, a former member of the security Forces, said in comments published on the web site.

Other lawmakers called for the reintroduction of capital punishment. “Replacing the death penalty even with life in prison amounts to a pardon,” said Anatoly Lyskov, an FSB veteran and head of the Federation Council’s Committee on Judicial and Legal Affairs.

“We can’t mitigate punishment for heinous crimes that result in the death of many people,” he said in a statement published on the Federation Council’s web site.

The Communists made similar demands right after the attacks. Party leader Gennady Zyuganov told Interfax on Monday that he had long said that “the country is not ready for abolishing the death penalty.”

Although constitutional, capital punishment has not been used since the early 1990s. Last November, the Constitutional Court effectively extended a moratorium on the death penalty indefinitely.

Liberal Democrat Party leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky demanded that the security services tighten their control over the North Caucasus. “They need to closely monitor everybody leaving the country to study in Muslim universities,” he said on his party’s web site.