Monthly Archives: June 2011

2nd ex-Blackwater contractor gets 30 months for manslaughter

Virginian-Pilot | Jun 28, 2011

By Bill Sizemore

A second former Blackwater contractor was sentenced to prison for involuntary manslaughter Monday in the 2009 shooting death of a civilian in Afghanistan.

Justin Cannon of Corpus Christi, Texas, was sentenced to 30 months by U.S. District Judge Robert Doumar.

A Virginia Beach man, Christopher Drotleff, received a 37-month sentence earlier this month for his actions in the same incident.

The two were charged with murder and convicted of the lesser charge in March after an earlier trial ended in a hung jury. They are the first contractors for the Moyock, N.C.-based security company now known as Xe Services to get prison time for killing a civilian in a war zone.

Rejecting defense attorneys’ plea for a lesser punishment, Doumar said the sentence was meant to send a message – especially to Xe.

“They have a responsibility to hire individuals who they feel are capable of following orders and not going off on some tear,” he said.


Doumar said he was unmoved by the defendants’ argument that their behavior should be excused because they were operating under dangerous conditions in a war zone.

“They tried to paint their victims as aggressors, and they weren’t aggressors,” the judge said. “They were just victims.”

Cannon and Drotleff were working for a Blackwater subsidiary providing weapons training to the Afghan army under a Defense Department subcontract.

The victim, Romal Mohammad Naiem, was a passenger in a Toyota Corolla that approached the scene after a two-vehicle Blackwater convoy was involved in a traffic accident in Kabul, the Afghan capital, on May 5, 2009.

The two contractors fired some 30 rounds of ammunition into the rear of the Corolla as it drove away from the scene, according to testimony – Drotleff with a 9 mm pistol and Cannon with an AK-47 assault rifle.

Their attorneys argued that they feared for their lives and fired in self-defense.

A second Afghan civilian, who was walking along the road with a friend and a dog, was also killed in the incident, and the driver of the Corolla suffered disabling injuries. Drotleff and Cannon were acquitted of charges related to the pedestrian’s death and the driver’s injuries.

Cannon’s sentence is within the recommended range according to federal sentencing guidelines. Prosecutors argued against any sentence reduction, saying Cannon behaved recklessly, failed to report the incident promptly and told an Afghan interpreter to lie about his alleged drinking earlier in the evening.

Cannon came to court asking for concern and compassion, “but he offered none of that to his victims,” said Robert McGovern, one of the prosecutors.

They also cited his military record. Cannon, 29, was discharged from the Army in 2005 after being absent without leave and testing positive for cocaine use, according to court papers.

Federal public defender Larry Dash, one of Cannon’s attorneys, said Cannon has been declared 80 percent disabled by post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury resulting from his military service.

“Justin Cannon was placed in a situation that maybe was out of his league,” Dash said. “Maybe Blackwater hired some people they shouldn’t have hired. But we can’t undo their mistakes.”

Unlike Drotleff, who made an emotional appeal for leniency at his sentencing, Cannon made no statement.

His nearly nine months of pretrial detention will count against his sentence. He remains free on bond pending an appeal.

Four more former Blackwater contractors face manslaughter charges stemming from a 2007 shooting incident in Baghdad that left 17 Iraqi civilians dead.

Chavez, like Castro, has his brother ready for the position of next President

Adán Chávez, left, the older brother of the ailing President Hugo Chávez, right, has stepped in to fill the void. Thomas Coex/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Adán Chávez, a physicist whose radical thinking has often been to the left of the president’s.

NY Times | Jun 28, 2011


CARACAS, Venezuela — To the many comparisons that can been made between Venezuela and Cuba — two close allies, both infused with revolutionary zeal, driven by movements that revere their leaders — consider one more: the presidential brother, stepping in during a time of illness.

As President Hugo Chávez quietly recovers in Cuba after undergoing emergency surgery there more than two weeks ago, no government figure has occupied the political void created by his absence more assertively than his older brother, Adán Chávez, a physicist whose radical thinking has often been to the left of the president’s.

He serves a role similar to that of Raúl Castro, who took over as Cuba’s president after illness removed Fidel Castro from the political scene in 2006. And like Raúl Castro, while Adán Chávez may lack his brother’s charisma, he remains a loyalist who has assisted his brother throughout the consolidation of power.

A former Venezuelan ambassador to Cuba and long a member of Hugo Chávez’s inner circle of advisers, Adán Chávez has taken on the role of providing public updates on his brother’s convalescence, shuttling between Caracas and Havana in recent weeks. It was his disclosure last Wednesday that the president would not return to Venezuela for another 10 to 12 days that offered the most serious assessment yet of the president’s slow recovery.

Adán Chávez, 58, now governor of Barinas, a state of cattle ranches in western Venezuela that is a bastion of the Chávez family, has also led efforts to reassure and energize the president’s supporters as rumors swirl about his condition. Citing Che Guevara at a prayer meeting in Barinas over the weekend, he rallied the president’s followers and called on them to remember the armed struggle as a method of “applying and developing the revolutionary program.”

“It would be unforgivable to limit ourselves to only electoral or other methods of struggle,” said Adán Chávez, a former university professor involved in political activity long before his brother, who is less than two years his junior, formed a nationalist cell of young army officers in the late 1970s.

The prominence of Adán Chávez reflects his brother’s dominance of Venezuelan politics since he was first elected president in 1998. Over the years, Hugo Chávez has consistently winnowed other top advisers and potential rivals who rose from his own political movement. Some who remain, like Vice President Elías Jaua, a former director of land expropriations, exhibit total loyalty. (Last week, Mr. Jaua read verbatim on state television the handful of Twitter messages Hugo Chávez wrote to followers.)

Still, no one in the government, including Adán Chávez, has displayed the president’s visceral ability to connect with poor Venezuelans. That may not have mattered too much in Cuba, where the Communist Party holds unrivaled authority over the nation’s political system. But if Hugo Chávez is unable to quickly return to power in Venezuela, it remains to be seen how effectively his brother can hold off the spirited, if divided, opposition here and build support in a governing movement so centered around the president himself.

Adán Chávez did not respond to interview requests. But biographers of Hugo Chávez attribute the president’s political evolution, if not his bruising political style, in part to Adán’s influence and ties in the 1970s with guerrilla leaders like Douglas Bravo, who advocated using Venezuela’s petroleum reserves as a tool for radical change.

While Hugo Chávez grew close to Mr. Bravo and then broke with him, as he has done repeatedly with other mentors, the president still incorporated such thinking into his own ideology, using oil revenues as the driving force in his socialist-inspired revolution.

Now, Mr. Bravo, 79, who is a critic of what he describes as Venezuela’s new dependence on countries like China and Russia, said Adán Chávez was clearly “in the line of succession.” Referring to Adán’s statement about using arms to defend his brother’s revolution, Mr. Bravo noted that neither the vice president nor any other prominent pro-Chávez political leader had said anything so provocative.

“He must be receiving orientation from his brother to say such a thing, because I don’t think he would make such a declaration on his own,” said Mr. Bravo, who has known both men for decades.

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China Opens Oil Field in Iraq

A China National Petroleum Corporation engineer working at Iraq’s Al Ahdab oil field. | Jun 28, 2011


BEIJING — China’s largest oil company has begun operations at Al-Ahdab oil field in Iraq, making the field the first major new area to start production in Iraq in 20 years, according to an official news report on Tuesday.

Operations began June 21, and the field is expected to produce three million tons of crude oil per year, reported China Daily, an official English-language newspaper. The oil field was discovered in 1979 and is believed to contain a billion barrels of crude.

The Chinese company, the China National Petroleum Corporation, a state-owned enterprise, secured rights to the field under a technical services contract signed with the Iraqi government in November 2008. Under the contract, the company has development rights for 23 years, China Daily reported. It is investing $3 billion.

The contract, the renegotiation of a deal first signed in 1996 with the government of Saddam Hussein, was postponed after the United Nations imposed economic sanctions on Iraq and the American military toppled Mr. Hussein in 2003. Analysts say the Ahdab operation is China National Petroleum’s largest in the Middle East.

The contract stipulates that the company receive a fee for every barrel of oil produced, rather than an equity interest in the oil field, as it would have under the original agreement with Mr. Hussein’s government. A Chinese oil executive said in 2009 that the company would make a profit of less than one percent, but that the contract was a way to “get a foot in the door” of the Iraqi oil industry, which has much larger fields than Ahdab.

The deal began drawing intense criticism from residents and officials in Wasit Province, where the field is located, shortly after the contract was signed. Some people demanded that Wasit be granted a royalty of $1 a barrel to improve access to clean water, health services, schools, roads and other public needs in the province, which is among Iraq’s poorest. The Iraqi government rejected the demands.

Local residents complained in 2009 that Chinese development of the field would have no benefits for them, other than providing several hundred people with jobs as laborers and security guards for less than $600 a month. At the time, China National Petroleum said it was in an exploration phase and did not need much labor. Now, with the start of production, it is unclear whether the company has hired more residents. At the time, the 100 Chinese workers at the compound were too scared to leave the area for fear of being kidnapped.

The Ahdab field’s estimated reserves are small by Iraq’s standards. The Rumaila field near the southern city of Basra, for which China National Petroleum and BP signed a development deal in June 2009, is Iraq’s largest oil field, with an estimated 17.8 billion barrels. Iraq as a whole is estimated to have reserves of more than 100 billion barrels.

China’s energy needs have soared, and it has been scouring the world for energy sources. On Tuesday, President Omar Hassan al-Bashir of Sudan, in which China has large oil interests, arrived in Beijing for talks with Chinese leaders. Mr. Bashir faces indictment by the International Criminal Court on war crimes and genocide charges, but China is not obligated to arrest him because it is not a signatory to the Rome Statute that established the court. He is scheduled to meet President Hu Jintao on Wednesday.

One of the coldest springs on record blamed for 30 per cent decrease in lobster catch | Jun 29, 2011

CHARLOTTETOWN — Lingering cold, wet weather is being blamed for a 30 per cent decrease in P.E.I.’s spring lobster catch.

Ian MacPherson, executive director of the P.E.I. Fishermen’s Association, said Tuesday the bad weather has caused fishermen to lose a number of days on the water.

As well, lobsters are not as active in colder water, and this has been one of the coldest springs on record.

While catches have been low, prices have climbed during the course of the season to help ease some of the sting.

MacPherson said prices are currently in the $4.75 to $5.00 range for canners and $5.25 to $5.50 for markets.

However, he said higher costs for fuel and bait have made in another challenging year for fishermen.

Blame it on La Nina: Coldest spring in decades | Jun 27, 2011


The numbers confirm what many people already suspected about this spring – April 1 to June 20 was cold and miserable.

The National Weather Service last week said Kalispell set records for the lowest average high temperature and the fewest number of days above 70 degrees.

The average high temperature for Kalispell was a paltry 57.6 degrees, a full degree lower than the previous mark of 58.8 degrees set in 1955. The average low temperature was 47 degrees, a tenth of a degree shy of the record average low of 46.9 degrees set in 1955.

Kalispell also had just nine days where the temperature was 70 degrees or higher – an all-time record going back to 1899. It’s also been very wet. Kalispell saw 6.64 inches of rain – the 11th wettest spring on record.

Weather forecasters say the cause of the cold, wet weather is the strongest La Nina recorded since 1988-1989. La Nina is a phenomena created when ocean waters near the equator cool near the South American coast through the central Pacific. This sets up a jet stream that steers weather systems over the northern Rockies.

When the jet stream flows over the Rockies, Montana gets more storms, cold and rain. The same weather pattern also resulted in a record snowpack this year.

Prince Andrew’s Ties to Sex Offender Jeffrey Epstein and His Tenuous Position in “the Firm”

Large Photograph by David Hartley/Rex USA. Insets: Top, © Ciao Pix; Bottom, From John Frost Newspapers.

Prince Charles wants “a smaller, more cost-effective monarchy.”

Vanity Fair | Jun 29, 2011

“I remember when Andrew and Jeffrey Epstein first became friends,” someone who knows both men well tells Vanity Fair writer Ed Klein. “Jeffrey had Andrew put on a pair of sweatpants for the first time in his life. He had him wear blue jeans for the first time. It was Jeffrey who taught Andrew how to relax.” But the source goes on to explain that “after Jeffrey was convicted, I phoned Andrew and told him, ‘You cannot have a relationship with Jeffrey. You can’t do these things.’ And he said, ‘Stop giving me a hard time. You’re such a puritan.’ From there, our conversation descended into a screaming match, and finally Andrew said, ‘Leave me alone. Jeffrey’s my friend. Being loyal to your friends is a virtue. And I’m going to be loyal to him.’”

The prince’s connection to Jeffrey Epstein has inflicted the greatest damage on his reputation. According to a sworn deposition by Juan Alessi, a former employee at Epstein’s Palm Beach estate, Andrew attended naked pool parties and was treated to massages by a harem of adolescent girls. At least three of the girls were questioned under oath about whether Andrew had had sexual contact with any of the masseuses. One of them, Sarah Kellen, refused to answer, citing her Fifth Amendment right to remain silent. Another, Adriana Ross, was asked, “Has Prince Andrew ever been involved with underage minor females to your knowledge?” She reportedly replied, “I refuse to answer.” (Prince Andrew denied having had sexual contact with any of Epstein’s girls and says he neither attended nor was aware of any naked pool parties.)

“The major reason Andrew hung out with Jeffrey was to get money for Sarah Ferguson,” someone who knows both men well tells Klein. “Andrew feels responsible for Sarah.… There have been newspaper reports that Sarah got £15,000 [$24,500] from Jeffrey, but I think that Sarah has actually received hundreds of thousands of dollars from him.” (Ferguson’s spokesman confirmed that she had received £15,000 from Epstein but wasn’t aware of any additional amount.)

Elsewhere in the article Klein reports that, although Andrew and Fergie’s shenanigans get a blind eye from the Queen, they do not go unnoticed by Charles. “My understanding is that Prince Charles was less than happy that Andrew was given the role of trade envoy back in 2001 after he left the navy,” Robert Jobson, author of William & Kate: The Love Story and a royal commentator for NBC News, tells Klein. “When Charles ascends the throne—which he will do despite all the talk to the contrary—he’d like the royal family to be streamlined; he wants a smaller, more cost-effective monarchy.”

The August issue of Vanity Fair will be on newsstands in New York and L.A. on Thursday, June 30, and nationally on Tuesday, July 5. First, see V.F.’s chronology of Prince Andrew’s tabloid appearances here.

The Duchess of Delusion: How Fergie’s shamelessly self-serving book is as airbrushed as the cover

Fergie reveals she writes down at least 25 times a day, a mantra that proclaims: ‘I love myself more than I ever imagined possible and others love me, too.’ | Jun 29,  2011

By Geoffrey Levy and Richard Kay

Well, well. Now we know that the Duchess of York wears pink pyjamas and snores ‘loudly’. She talks to photographs of her daughters Beatrice and Eugenie, and sits on the end of her bed (shared with stuffed animals) and pretends to talk to the imaginary white rabbit Harvey, star of the Jimmy Stewart film.

She also writes down, at least 25 times a day, a mantra that proclaims: ‘I love myself more than I ever imagined possible and others love me, too.’

As for her former husband, the Duke of York, Andrew remains ‘my prince . . . my perfect mate . . . Yes, I do love Andrew deeply.’

No doubt, Fergie does still love him. But it’s especially convenient since, as she admits in her latest memoir, Finding Sarah, published yesterday in America: ‘If I didn’t have Andrew I’d be homeless.’

The pair still share the Queen Mother’s former home in Windsor Great Park, Royal Lodge, which, make no mistake, is now Fergie’s permanent home as well as Andrew’s — 15 years after their civilised divorce.

One of her greatest pleasures there, she says, is walking in the woods ‘meditating on the bluebells’.

But let’s leave the woods and look more closely at some of the other claims in this extraordinary book — subtitled A Duchess’s Journey To Find Herself — which begins its self-serving with her picture on the cover, her face air-brushed to that of a twentysomething.

Fergie manages to plug an endless list of guru advisers and favourite destinations around the world. She also offers syrupy life-enhancing tips that she calls ‘Nuggets’ for anxious women like herself (‘See things differently; shine a light on those dark places in order for them to go away’).

So let’s shine a light on some of her claims. Her assertion, for example, that as Andrew’s wife, she not only ‘loved being a princess’ but was ‘very good at it’.
Not everyone will agree with this. Apart from the obvious fact that most people know her only as a duchess, not a princess, they will be reminded of her penchant for trotting around the globe with lovers during her marriage, on at least one occasion with small daughters in tow.

Others will recall her flagrant misuse of her royal status — the ludicrous and costly helicopter flying course, abandoned when she became ‘bored’ with the lessons; those vast piles of luggage for trips across the Channel; the interminable shopping expeditions — and how it added to the tremors already imperilling the monarchy over Charles and Diana.

Blind to reality, Sarah writes like a sullen child who still cannot understand why people called her names — in her case it was ‘Freebie Fergie’.

‘You might think that by marrying into the Royal Family my money worries should be over, that I would live solvently ever after in the bosom of one of the richest families in the world,’ she bleats.

‘The reality was something different. For I had married the second son and that made all the difference . . .  in all our years together, his annual income never exceeded $50,000 (£31,000).’

What she fails to mention is that their marital home at the time was a gift from the Queen and, unlike millions of other young couples, they didn’t have a mortgage to pay.

‘I tried to save money where I could,’ says Sarah. ‘I found that some designers would allow me a deep discount in return for the publicity value of my wearing their fashions . . . I was merely trying to be frugal! I should have been called “Frugal Fergie”.’

That same Frugal Fergie spent herself into debts of £4  million in the Nineties and £5  million last year.

Astonishingly, she also claims to have been a wide-eyed innocent who was ‘seriously close to bankruptcy’ last year when she was filmed offering ‘access’ to Prince Andrew for £500,000 to an ‘Indian business tycoon’ who turned out to be an undercover journalist.

She says it wasn’t like that at all: ‘During our meeting (in his flat ‘in the Mayfair district of London’), I mentioned in passing that by doing business with me, he might get to meet Prince Andrew, because the Prince and I are a team. Under no circumstances did I offer to broker an introduction to my former husband, as it has been claimed.

‘I love Andrew to this day, as I did when I met and married him, and I would never, ever, sell him out or betray him.’

Here, she appears to be following the advice of one of her own Nuggets: ‘Accept that you cannot control every situation, past or present, and absolve yourself of unwarranted blame.’

Blame or not, most people would shrink from bringing out this personal testimony so soon after such a ghastly episode had humiliated not just herself and Andrew, but also the Queen. They would lay low until the scandal subsided.

Not Fergie. To her, the crisis simply opened up a business opportunity, one that she is now exploiting to the full.

Hence her Finding Sarah series on her new friend Oprah Winfrey’s U.S. television channel and this, the accompanying book in which she paints herself as a permanent victim of life, crying out for sympathy virtually on every page.

Even the flyleaf of the book describes how ‘her struggles with adversity have taught her that life’s lows can become a source of strength and courage’.

Who would ever imagine that these tear-stained words refer to a woman who has been given every possible advantage in life, including marriage to a prince and the styling Her Royal Highness — all of which she has only herself to blame for throwing away.

Blaming herself for her troubles, though, is something Fergie simply doesn’t do. While accepting that she is ‘flawed’, she inevitably lays the blame for this on someone else — surprisingly, her late mother Susan.

This emerged during counselling with a Texan psychologist Dr Phil McGraw, which was arranged for the television series. As she writes: ‘During one of our sessions, a shameful story tumbled out: how, as a child, I survived a traumatic and turbulent childhood growing up in Britain.

‘I told him how my mother used to spank me because I wouldn’t sit on my portable potty, or wouldn’t eat. A little vein would pop up on my forehead — my mother called it “the sign of the devil . . .  I’m going to beat the devil out of you,” she’d say.’

And on one occasion, she tied Sarah, who was on the potty, to the leg of a table while lunching with friends in the dining room next door.

Dr Phil commented that ‘lashing a kid to a table . . . was not OK’.

To which Fergie says she replied: ‘Well, no wonder I’m so flawed.’

How very differently the Duchess of York described her mother — who was killed in a car crash in 1998 — in her first memoir, My Story, published in 1996, the year she and Andrew divorced.

She was, Sarah wrote then, ‘simply the most brilliant, zestful person I have ever met . . . Mum organised our ski trips abroad, and the family Christmases and the most elaborate, colourful birthday parties . . . She was the most popular mother in Hampshire, the type your friends would praise as “super cool”. Mum just made everything happen.’

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‘They really give you a physical exam’: Leukaemia sufferer, 95, tells of TSA ordeal being forced to remove adult diaper

Jean Weber claims her leukaemia-stricken mother, 95, was made to take off her adult diaper by airport security in Florida, who are standing by their actions

Pensioner says she is ‘too old to care’ about ordeal

TSA: ‘Our officers acted professionally and according to proper procedure’

Daily Mail | Jun 29, 2011

A 95-year-old woman asked to remove her adult diaper by TSA agents has spoken for the first time about her embarrassing ordeal.

Lena Reppert, who is in the final stages of a battle with leukaemia was detained and humiliatingly searched at a Florida airport while in a wheelchair – but, remarkably, says she is ‘too old to care’.

Her daughter Jean Weber, claims Mrs Reppert was asked to remove an adult diaper in order to complete a pat-down search after TSA agents felt something soggy around her thigh area.

Speaking to 24 Hour News 8, Mrs Reppert said TSA agents took her into an examination room.

She said: ‘That’s when they took my pants.

‘They do a really good job of patting you down. They really give you a physical exam, almost.’

‘I guess it bothered my daughter more than it did me. I guess I’m too old to care.

‘I didn’t let it bother me for some reason.

‘It was an episode of embarrassment, so to speak, but then I got on the plane OK, and after that everything was OK.

‘When I get on the plane, I don’t want anyone on there that has got something in their pockets, like a knife or a gun or whatever.’

Ms Reppert was trying to board a plane to fly to Michigan in an attempt to be with relatives as she battles the disease, Ms Weber said.

Her mother entered security in a wheelchair because she could not walk through by herself and was detained for 45 minutes.

But Ms Reppert was pulled aside into a separate area and patted down before being moved to another room to protect her privacy.

Security staff then said they needed her diaper removed because it was soiled and was preventing them from completing their search.

Ms Weber, who removed her mother’s diaper in a bathroom for her, said she did not understand why her mother had such an extensive search.

Speaking to the station she said: ‘They took excessive measures.’

When asked what sort of threat her mother may have posed, she added: ‘Can’t think of anything really.

‘I really can’t.’

Ms Weber has filed a complaint with the Department of Homeland Security after the incident last weekend at Northwest Florida Regional Airport.

‘It’s something I couldn’t imagine happening on American soil,’ she told the Northwest Florida Daily News.

‘Here is my mother, 95-years-old, 105lbs, barely able to stand, and then this.’

Despite outrage over the incident, the TSA released a statement defending its agents’ actions in the search.

‘While every person and item must be screened before entering the secure boarding area, TSA works with passengers to resolve security alarms in a respectful and sensitive manner,’ the TSA said.

‘We have reviewed the circumstances involving this screening and determined that our officers acted professionally and according to proper procedure.’

A TSA spokesman told the Northwest Florida Daily News it would be dangerous for them to exempt any group from screening.

‘We know from intelligence that there are terrorists out there that would then exploit that vulnerability,’ a TSA spokesman said.

Wheelchairs are swabbed for explosives and patted-down, the spokesman said.

GMO Frankenfood II? Despite US Judge Ruling, USDA Deregulates Monsanto Roundup-Ready Crops | Jun 28, 2011

by Theodora Filis

Deregulation by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) means Roundup-Ready crops can now be grown commercially, endangering non-GMO alfalfa and sugar beet crops by transgenic contamination through the increased use of herbicides.

Under the Bush administration, the USDA approved Roundup-Ready sugar beet crops, produced and sold by Monsanto, without preparing a standard Environmental Impact Statement. Then, in January of 2008, the Center for Food Safety, along with several other organizations including the Organic Seed Alliance and the Sierra Club, filed a suit against the US government, insisting the USDA prepare an Environmental Impact Statement on Roundup-Ready Sugar Beets. The lawsuit asked the government to halt the production of the modified beets until further information regarding the crop’s safety was released.

In addition to citing obvious concerns regarding the safety of GM alfalfa and sugar beet crops, the suit points out that GM alfalfa and sugar beets have been contaminating nearby conventionally and organically grown plants. Despite a Federal Judge’s ruling the USDA deregulated GM alfalfa and sugar beet crops in the US.

Monsanto’s Roundup-Ready crops have been genetically engineered to permit direct, over the top, application of the Monsanto herbicide glyphosate, allowing farmers to drench both their crops and crop land with the herbicide to kill nearby weeds (and any other green thing the herbicide touches) without killing the crops. Roundup-Ready soybeans are heavily herbicide dependent because the Roundup-Ready System (RRS) is primarily a no till system.

Rather than the traditional tilling of the ground to control weeds the RRS relies on its herbicide to control them. No-till cropping systems are the most demanding with regards to weed control. The crop is seeded directly into un-tilled soil with no follow-up cultivation, therefore weed control depends entirely on herbicides.

In fact, the Roundup Ready System was specifically designed to require the exclusive use of Monsanto’s herbicide – currently in use in over 250 million GM acres worldwide.

A recent review by Earth Open Source, an organization that uses open-source collaboration to advance sustainable food production, suggests that industry regulators in Europe have known for years that glyphosate, originally introduced by Monsanto in 1976, causes birth defects in the embryos of laboratory animals. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates the agricultural market used approx.180-185 million pounds of glyphosate between 2006 and 2007, and non-agricultural markets used approx. 8-11 million pounds between 2005 and 2007, according to the 2006-2007 Pesticide Industry Sales & Usage Report, published in February of 2011.

David Ehrenfield, Professor of Biology at Rutgers University said, “Genetic Engineering is often justified as a human technology, one that feeds more people with better food. Nothing could be further from the truth. With very few exceptions, the whole point of genetic engineering is to increase sales of chemicals and bio-engineered products to dependent farmers”. “In the United States, the widespread adoption of Roundup Ready crops combined with the emergence of glyphosate-resistant weeds has driven a more than 15-fold increase in the use of glyphosate on major field crops from 1994 to 2005″.

GMOs effect the sustainability of our planet. The production of herbicides, insecticides and synthetic fertilizers that go along with growing GMO crops requires a huge amount of energy. And this energy requires the burning of precious fuels that are rapidly being depleted.

Farm chemicals may also be largely responsible for the decimation of honey bees, deformed fish and frogs, and may prove to endanger more species as time goes forward – including humans.

In an interview with the True Food Foundation, Dr. David Suzuki, Canadian geneticist said, anyone who claims genetically engineered food is perfectly safe is “either unbelievably stupid, or deliberately lying,” adding: “The reality is, we don’t know. The experiments simply haven’t been done, and now we have become the guinea pigs…. I am most definitely not in favor of release of GMOs in the food stream and given that it’s too late, I favor complete labeling of GMO products.”

Researchers: GM cotton seeds a threat to Indian farmers | Jun 27, 2011

Dharwad (Karnataka), June 27 (IANS) Leading agricultural research institutions Monday warned that extensive use of genetically modified (GM) cotton seeds was destroying farming bio-diversity and jeopardising the livelihood of over four million cotton growers in India.

‘Indian farmers grow 90 percent of hirsutum (species of cotton), of which 90 percent is GM cotton. Desi cotton will only survive if yields and fibre quality will improve and the maturity period reduced,’ said a joint statement by Karnataka’s University of Agricultural Science, Dharwad, company bioRe India Ltd. and Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, Switzerland.

The statement cautioned farmers and other stake-holders that the supply shortage in organic cotton seeds will even effect the global organic cotton market, as India was the world’s largest producer of organic cotton.

‘The global market for organic cotton is threatened by erosion of conventional varieties by GM cotton,’ the statement said, adding that the voracious use of GM seeds amplified the risk of physical and genetic contamination of organic cotton with GM cotton.

The institutions also urged the government to implement policy changes in the sector to promote organic cotton seeds.

‘The provision for the safeguard of organic farmer from contamination of GM crop has to be included in the seed act,’ said the statement, suggesting that a board for organic cotton with financial and implementation powers be formed.